The main campus of Vigo University is 10 km from the urban center, and with the purpose of expanding its activity, the institution decided to refurbish three buildings in the city.
A wood volume rests on the stone supports, which are the only existing remains, preserving part of the facades and dividing walls of the old constructions. The wood box is entirely wooden, structure and construction included, but with industrialized systems that optimize the use of the material and its performance over time. The project is inspired by traditional shipbuilding, incorporating the latest R&D advances, as corresponds to the building’s use.
The choice of material and its construction system chosen help blend the building with the local tradition without giving up a certain dose of contemporaneity. The porticoes and sections of the stone facade are restored on the western front. The arches support the new construction, whose foundation is completed with micropiles along the central area, stone slab on part of the perimeter, and rock directly at the rear. Before the port infills the terrain was right by the sea, so it is geologically complex.
Three criteria guide the intervention on the facades, taking the original ones as reference. The northern one is reconfigured, reusing its own stones, to adapt an existing attic. The central one is reinforced and completed with a new stone cornice similar to the existing one. And in the last one the plasters are restored with tile insertions.
The permitted height is completed with a latticework of laminated timber columns that includes structure and sun protection with the verticality suggested by the regulations and the image of an institutional building. The east facade, located between small squares, courtyards, and alleys, is similarly resolved, and made lighter by the reduction of solar impact. The planned volume is achieved by rounding off the complex with three zinc hip roofs, pierced by two skylights that fill the interior with northern light.
The functional program is flexible, with spaces for work, meeting, exhibition, etc. arranged over two levels. Of the old plot arrangement, whose footprint it preserves, the smaller volume houses servicing spaces: listed staircase, restrooms, facilities on the top floor, but also a meeting room in each one of the upper floors. The rest is distributed in the other two volumes, with an institutional area on the main facade of the first floor and classrooms on the second floor.
Universidade de Vigo
abalo alonso arquitectos. Elizabeth Abalo, Gonzalo Alonso
Abalo Alonso arquitectos / Elizabeth Abalo, Gonzalo Alonso (dirección de obra site supervision); José Luis Pardo (arquitecto técnico quantity surveyor)
Carlos Bóveda (cálculo de estructuras structural calculation); Gaia Enxeñería (cálculo de instalaciones mechanical engineering); Spotlux/Manuel M. Carazo (asesoría iluminación lighting); Cis Madeira/Manuel Touza, Azahara Sólan (asesoría madera wood consulting); Pemade (control de calidad estructura de madera wooden structure quality control)
Arias Infraestructuras Madergia (structura de madera wooden structure); Carpintek (carpintería exterior external window frames); Arturo Álvarez (iluminación ornamental ornamental lighting); Maderas del Noroeste (techos acústicos acoustic ceilings); Gerflor (pavimentos de PVC PVC pavements); Matrics (suelo técnico raised floor system)
Superficie construida Floor area
Héctor Santos-Díez/ Bisimages