This is the temporary shelter built in Cebu, Philippines, following the devastation of Typhoon Haiyan (locally called Yolanda) in November of 2013. This project is the fourth version of a system of temporary shelters, first developed after the 1995 Kobe earthquake, to rehouse those affected in a place close to where they lived, without having to transfer them to the houses the government offered on the outskirts. As industrial elements manufactured for packaging around the world, paper tubes are particularly appropriate for emergencies, and they can be recycled when no longer in use.
The foundations were made from bottle crates, floor panels were made from coconut wood and plywood, and the structure is made of paper tubes. In each location, however, the design is slightly altered to adapt it to the social and climatic conditions of the place. In this case the construction process is simplified with a braided coconut enclosure that rests on the paper tube structural frame. The roof is built with Nipa palm tree leaves fixed onto plastic sheets. The bottle crates, filled with sand bags, are rented to a local vendor so they can also be returned when the settlement is no longer necessary.
Voluntary Architects’ Network
Shigeru Ban Architects