Besides an easterly route from the Philippines to Acapulco, the Augustinian friar Andrés de Urdaneta discovered a north-flowing current towards the Japan Sea. Both phenomena helped Spain create an enriching commercial and cultural channel in the Pacific Ocean, and the Kuroshio Current would be the thread of the Spanish pavilion at Expo Osaka 2025, designed by ENORME Studio and Néstor Montenegro as a circular-economy model.