Giancarlo de Carlo
A Team X founding member, Giancarlo de Carlo was against the International Style model of a universal architecture. Born in Genoa in 1919, he earned an engineering degree in Milan in 1943 and an architectural degree in Venice after World War II, where he was in the Italian Resistance. He was editor of Casabella Continuità from 1954 to 1956 and became a chair professor of urban planning in Venice in 1955. His popular housing in Matera rose as a dissident voice in the CIAM of Otterlo. His interventions in the city of Urbino and the activities of the ILAUD (Laboratorio Internazionale di Architettura e Urbanística) sum up his idea of the project in successive approaches, a fruit of engaging in dialogue with users and context. De Carlo devoted a substantial part of his practice to refurbishing existing buildings, and much of his publishing life at the stern of the magazine Spazio e Società. His written legacy includes an anthology of writings by Le Corbusier and several books on urban planning. In 1993 he received the RIBA Gold Medal and in 2004 his work was the subject of a major retrospective exhibition at the Pompidou.