Current night image
Night image, renovation
Current daytime image
Daytime image, renovation
1.The plaza before the 19th-century renovation: a linear space facing sunrise and sunset, thereby its name. A very busy crossroads.
2. Project by Lucio del Valle, 1859. Linearity and centrality. The space widens along the N side in an arch shape. A void is created between the E-W axis and the north streets, defining a uniform façade front that replaces the preexisting one.
3. Current state. A chaotic space filled with obstacles that hinder the view of the space, its legibility and enjoyment.
4. Contrast with an obstacle-free horizontal plane that allows appreciating the architecture of the plaza and its dimensions
5. Recovering the form and order of the 19th-century project, updated to situate different functions that have gathered in the space and focussing on clearing up the central space
6. Strengthening the outline of the space after the 19th-century renovation, along the north arch stone benches delimit a commercial area
7. Permeability of the recreational area
8. The benches – low-rise elements configured as concave spaces – mark out the commercial area.
9. Central position and contemporary design of the new fountain. It is a double layer of water with an area for events in the middle
10. The statues of Mariblanca and El Oso y el Madroño on the northern arch delimit the area of benches, which now serves as base for the monuments. The statue of Carlos III on the E-W axis, rotated, marks out the façade of the Casa de Correos
11. Two pavilions (kiosk containers, booths, lifts, subway exits…) go up at the ends of the E-W axis, freeing up the center of the plaza
12. The kiosks are integrated in the pavilions
13. The Metro exits located at the end of Calle Montera are integrated between the benches. To dignify the façade of the Casa de Correos, the Metro exit in front of it is moved to Calle Carretas
14. The Cercanías train exit remains in the same place and is integrated in the E-W axis.
15. The Metro elevators are integrated in the E-W axis pavilions, so they no longer emerge from the plaza
16. The loading and unloading areas are concentrated at the ends of the plaza
17. Most of the lighting elements are embedded in the plaza, under the benches and sculptures, in the sides of the pavilions, in the fountain, and with lamp posts on the facades
18. The result is an orderly space, with all elements grouped along the linear E-W axis and the north arch, creating a large open and public space.